Although state-of-the-art technologies, such as artificial intelligence, robotics, big data and others have been gaining relevance in people and, in the pandemic, showed their potential, access to such technologies makes the differences between regions and countries.
Thus, it is shown in the Technology and Innovation Report 2021 prepared by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (Unctad), which noted that nations show different levels of capacity to use and adopt such innovations.
In Latin America, no country of the 21 included is placed in the first group with the highest scores globally, according to the Preparation Index for State-of-the-Art Technologies, as part of the report. However, it shows several contrasts.
Thus, Brazil leads the ranking of the region and achieves the 41st place in the world (out of 158 countries), entering the “medium-high” classification. Meanwhile, Peru is the 9th country in Latin America, 6th in South America and 89th in the world, ranking on the “medium low” scale, with 0.36 points (world average 0.44, in a range from 0 to 1).
Strengths and weaknesses
To measure the ability to use, adopt and adapt state-of-the-art technologies, the Unctad report considered five basic elements. These include the deployment of information and communication technologies (ICT), skills, research and development (R&D), industrial activity and access to financing.